Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne, Sieur de Bienville, founded New Orleans in 1718. Photo courtesy of The Historic New Orleans Collection.
Mother Francis Xavier Cabrini and her order, the Missionary Sisters of the Sacred Heart, tended to the needs of Sicilian immigrants in New Orleans in the early 1900s. Originally
Creole in a Red Headdress, circa 1840. At that time over 40 percent of the city’s population included free and enslaved African America
Photo courtesy of the HNOC.
Authors Mark Twain and George Washington Cable were close friends.
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NEW ORLEANS: THE FIRST 300 YEARS
Narrated by John Goodman
Premiered November 2017 on WYES-TV/New Orleans
“There were alligators everywhere; there were gnats, and mosquitoes, and flies of all kinds. Reptiles slithering was described. They had the disease to fight, the hot, humid climate. So it was a very rough start in the colony.” — Ann Masson, New Orleans historian
Not exactly a favorable beginning, but settlers persevered in a city now nearly 300 years old. The city was founded by the French, at one time under Spanish domination, back to the French and sold to America. Continually through the 19th century, diseases such as yellow fever attacked residents. By the 1850’s the city was booming with the export of cotton to Europe and trade with Central and South America, as well as the Caribbean. With a mostly plantation-based economy, New Orleans became a major center for the slave trade, which lasted until the Civil War.
These New Orleans stories and more are told in WYES’ newest documentary, NEW ORLEANS: THE FIRST 300 YEARS. The program is narrated by actor John Goodman. Rare photos and films illustrate a city that began and continues to be a mix of cultures. The program spotlights the early days of the celebration of Carnival and also focuses on the city’s music and political history.
NEW ORLEANS: THE FIRST 300 YEARS includes interviews with Grammy award-winning singer Irma Thomas; former New Orleans Council Member-at-Large Jacquelyn Clarkson; Bruce Boyd Raeburn, executive director at Tulane’s Hogan Jazz Archive; bandleader Deacon John Moore; Jason Weise, associate director, Williams Research Center of The Historic New Orleans Collection; author Walter Issacson; and WWNO radio host Gwen Thompkins—just to name a few.
A rare 1981 interview with playwright Tennessee Williams is another highlight. Williams talks about the influence New Orleans had on him and his career. NEW ORLEANS: THE FIRST 300 YEARS is produced by Peggy Scott Laborde. Director is Larry Roussarie. Associate producers are Kelsi Schreiber and Burke Bischoff. Principal photographer is Dave Landry.
NEW ORLEANS: THE FIRST 300 YEARS is part of WYES-TV’s ongoing coverage of the city’s Tricentennial celebration which is being produced in association with The Historic New Orleans Collection and the Meraux Foundation. Additional sponsors are the Feil Family, New Orleans Tourism Marketing Corporation, the City of New Orleans, the Edward Wisner Donation and the WYES Producers Circle, a group of generous contributors dedicated to the support of WYES’ local programs.
Appearing in NEW ORLEANS: THE FIRST 300 YEARS
Jacquelyn Brechtel Clarkson
former New Orleans Councilmember-at-Large
Dr. Raphael Cassimere
Mary Lou Christovich
Dr. Robert Dupont
Clarke “Doc” Hawley
George Hero, III
Deacon John Moore
Dr. Lawrence Powell
Bruce Boyd Raeburn
executive director, Tulane’s Hogan Jazz Archive
Grammy award-winning singer
music show host/NPR commentator
The Historic New Orleans Collection
Dr. Michael White
Gordon “Tad” Wilson